What Are Endovascular Treatments And How Do they Work?

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24 Aug, 2023

What Are Endovascular Treatments And How Do they Work?

Cardiovascular diseases were the cause of more than 42,000 deaths in Australia in 2021. The incidence of heart, stroke and vascular diseases is growing in Sydney because of the sedentary lifestyle. A vast majority of the population is at high risk of developing vascular diseases because of smoking, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, obesity, etc. Lack of exercise and desk jobs are taking a toll on the health of time-poor professionals. Thus, it is vital to gain a deeper understanding of the endovascular treatments that are helping many patients deal with threatening vascular diseases. These problems affect the blood vessels and can be treated with surgery and lifestyle changes. Let us understand more about endovascular treatment in Sydney, NSW, to attain relevant information and help high-risk candidates.  

What Are Endovascular Treatments?

Endovascular treatments are surgical procedures that help to treat the circulatory system, which carries oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. It requires treating various conditions within blood vessels using the least invasive techniques. Earlier, these surgeries involved open procedures that required making big incisions. However, they have been replaced with advanced endovascular treatments that need only small incisions using catheters and other specialised instruments. Sydney endovascular treatments are supported by medical imaging technologies, such as fluoroscopy, ultrasound, or angiography that help avoid cutting too deep.

How Do Endovascular Treatments Work?

Endovascular treatments are medical procedures conducted by vascular and endovascular surgeons in Sydney, NSW for treating conditions related to the blood vessels. Here is how the procedure is completed with the latest medical equipment.  
  • Incision For Access Point

The surgery begins with a small incision or puncture made in a blood vessel near the site of treatment. The commonly used access point by surgeons includes the groin, wrist, or any other location that needs to be treated.  
  • Catheter Insertion In the Vessels

The surgeon then inserts a catheter, which is a thin and flexible tube, through the access point to enter the vessels. The catheter is navigated through the blood vessels to reach the area to be treated. It is usually loaded with other tools and devices, such as balloons, stents and specialised cameras, to understand the extent of damage.  
  • Use of Guidance Imaging

The next step is to use imaging techniques like fluoroscopy, angiography and ultrasound to move the catheter through the blood vessels. The images generated through the imaging techniques help the surgeon to understand the structure of the blood vessel and identify the treatment area.  
  • Treating the Affected Vessel

After the catheter reaches the treatment area, the surgeon treats the affected vessel. The treatment depends on the condition. For example, if it is a narrowed artery, the endovascular surgeons in Sydney will inflate a balloon to open the artery. Similarly, they can deploy a stent to open a vessel.  
  • Monitoring the Treated Area

During the procedure, the surgeon and his team keep a close watch on the progress of the procedure using imaging. It helps ensure the accurate placement of devices and the effectiveness of the treatment. They can make adjustments in real time to make it highly effective.  
  • Ending the Process and Closure

After the treatment is successfully completed, the catheter is removed by the endovascular surgeons in Sydney. Next, they cover the access point with a closure device or apply pressure to stop bleeding.  
  • The Recovery Phase

Endovascular procedures in Sydney require shorter recovery time and reduced discomfort. Patients may have to stay in the hospital for observation for a day or two or can get discharged on the same day, depending on their condition.  

When Are Endovascular Treatments Needed?

Endovascular treatments are used to address a wide range of medical conditions, such as aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins and embolisation. The treatment for these problems is minimally invasive and is known for less pain, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times when compared to traditional open surgeries. However, all conditions are unsuitable for endovascular treatment in Sydney, and the procedure depends on the patient's health and the severity. Thus, visiting an endovascular surgeon in Sydney is recommended for the best advice.

Wrapping Up

Rising heart and vascular diseases is a warning sign for people who are not exercising and burning their calories. It is vital to know about the treatment procedure for these ailments when they raise their ugly head without any warning.

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